Anthony, Leonard Anthony Leonard
312 Adm. Bldg,, VPC


1992-2001. University of Cincinnati, School of Medicine, Biostatistics program. Ph.D. granted 12/01.

1996. North Carolina State Summer Institute in Statistical Genetics. Short courses in Genetics and Population Statistical Genetics.

1987-1989. University of Cincinnati. Courses in computer programming and systems analysis.

1976-1978. Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. Graduate studies in clinical psychology.

1971-1976. Albion College, Albion, Mich. Graduated magna cum laude, B.A. in Philosophy and Psychology.


Professional Experience

10/11 – present. Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Cincinnati Medical School. Research Assistant Professor (biostatistics).

3/11 – present. Health Improvement Collaborative of Greater Cincinnati. Director of Research

6/07 – 9/11. Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Cincinnati Medical School. Research Assistant Professor (biostatistics).

7/02 – 8/08. Institute for the Study of Health, University of Cincinnati Medical Center. Biostatistician / Research Scientist for a wide range of medical research.

7/02 – 8/06. Biostatistician, Veterans’ Affairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH.

3/98 – 7/02. SoBran, Inc., Dayton, OH. Biostatistician on-site at US EPA, Cincinnati, OH., studying genetic diversity in wildlife populations.

1/96 – 3/98. Oak Ridge Fellowship at US EPA, Cincinnati, Ohio. Statistician for pilot project developing methods for using genetic diversity as a monitoring tool to assess environmental impacts on wildlife populations.

1/95 - 12/95. Procter and Gamble Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. Statistical consultant.

1992-1995. University of Cincinnati. Graduate Assistant in Department of Environmental Health, Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology.

1983-1992. Projects Coordinator for the Traumatic Stress Study Center, University of Cincinnati, School of Medicine.

1983-1992. Private statistical consulting.

1980-1983. Clinical Social Worker at Central Psychiatric Clinic, University of Cincinnati.

Selected Publications

Thakar CV, Rousseau J, Leonard AC. Timing of dialysis initiation in AKI in ICU: International Survey. Critical Care, 2012; 16:R237. Epub 2012 Dec 19.

Cotton S, Pargament KI, Weekes JC, Grossoehme D, McGrady ME, Luberto CM, Leonard AC, Fitchett G. Spiritual struggles, health-related quality of life, and mental health outcomes in urban adolescents with asthma. Rsearch in the Social Scientific Study of Religion (in press).

Luberto CM, Yi M, Tsevat J, Leonard AC, Cotton S. Complementary and alternative medicine use and psychosocial outcomes among urban adolescents with asthma. Journal of Asthma, 2012 May; 49(4): 409-15.

Embi PJ, Leonard AC. Evaluating response patterns over time to EHR-based
clinical trial alerts: findings from a randomized controlled study. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 2012 Jun; 19(1e): e 145-8. Epub 2012 Apr 25.

Eckman MH, Wise R, Leonard AC, Dixon E, Burrows C, Khan F, Warm E. Impact of Health Literacy on Outcomes and Effectiveness of an Educational Intervention in Patients with Chronic Diseases. Patient Education and Counseling, 2012 May; 87(2): 143-151. Epub 2011 Sep 16.

Thakar CV, Christianson A, Himmelfarb J, Leonard AC. Acute Kidney Injury Episodes and Chronic Kidney Disease Risk in Diabetes Mellitus. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2011; 6(11): 2567-72. Epub 2011 Sep 8.

Bragg E, Warshaw, G, van der Willik O, Meganathan, K, Weber, D Cornwall, D, Leonard AC. Paul B. Beeson Career Development Awards in Aging Research and U.S. Medical Schools Aging and Geriatric Medicine Programs. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 2011; 59: 1730-1738.

Page SJ, Dunning K, Hermann V, Levine P, Leonard AC. Longer Versus Shorter Mental Practice Sessions for Affected Upper Extremity Movement After Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 2011; 25(7): 627-37. Epub 2011 Mar 22..

Khanna D, French T, Khanna PP, Kaplan RM, Eckman MH, Hays RD, Ginsburg SS, Leonard AC, Tsevat J. Valuation of Scleroderma and Psoriatic Arthritis Health States by the General Public. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 2010; 8(10): 112.

Chambers PL, Mahabee-Gittens EM, Leonard AC. Vulnerable Child Syndrome, Parental Perceptions of Child Vulnerability, and Emergency Department Usage. Pediatric Emergency Care, 2011; 27(11): 1009-13.

Szaflarski M, Kudel I, Cotton S, Leonard AC, Tsevat, J, Ritchey PN. Multidimensional Assessment of Spirituality/Religion in Patients with HIV/AIDS: Conceptual Framework and Empirical Refinement. Journal of Religion and Health, 2012; 51: 1239-1260.Epub 2010 Dec 7.

Widdice LE, Bernstein DI, Leonard AC, Marsolo KA, Kahn JA. Adherence to HPV Vaccine Dosing Intervals and Factors Associated with Completion of 3 Doses. Pediatrics, 2011; 127(1): 77-84. Epub 2010 Dec 13.

Thompson JR, Leonard AC, Doarn CR, Roesch MJ, Broderick TJ. SS02—Limited Value of Haptics in Virtual Reality Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Training. Surgical Endoscopy, 2011; 25(4): 1107-14. Epub 2010 Sept 25.

Wilson SE, Baker ER, Leonard AC, Eckman MH, Lanphear BP. Understanding Preferences for Disclosure of Individual Biomarker Results Among Participants in a Longitudinal Birth Cohort. Journal of Medical Ethics, 2010; 36: 736-740.

Wilson SE, Talaska G, Kahn RS, Schumann B, Khoury J, Leonard AC, Lamphear BP. White blood cell DNA adducts in a cohort of asthmatic children exposed to environmental tobacco smoke. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. 2011 Jan; 84:19-27.

Widdice LE, Breland DJ, Jonte J, Farhat S, Ma Y, Leonard AC, Moscicki AB. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Concordance in Heterosexual Couples. Journal of Adolescent Health, 2010; 47(2): 151-9. Epub 2010 Mar 24.

Seaman J, Leonard AC, Panos RJ. Healthcare Utilization History, GOLD Guidelines, and Respiratory Medication Prescriptions in Patients with COPD. Internation Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, 2010; 5(4): 89-97.

Trevino KM, Pargament KI, Cotton S, Leonard AC, Hahn J, Caprini-Faigin CA, Tsevat J. Religious Coping and Physiological, Psychological, Social, and Spiritual Outcomes in Patients with HIV/AIDS: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Findings. AIDS and Behavior. 2010 Apr;14(2):379-389.

Thakar CV, Quate-Operacz M, Leonard AC, Eckman MH. Outcomes of Hemodialysis Patients in Long-term Care Hospital (LTCH) Setting. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 2010; 55(2): 300-6. Epub 2009 Dec 16.

Tsevat J, Leonard AC, Szaflarski M, Sherman SN, Cotton S, Mrus JM, Feinberg J. Change in Quality of Life after Being Diagnosed with HIV: A Multicenter Longitudinal Study. AIDS Patient Care and STDs 2009 Nov; 23(11):931-937.

Leesar MA, Varma J, Shapira A, Fahsah I, Raza ST, Elghoul Z, Leonard AC, Megananthan, K, Ikram S. Prediction of Hypertension Improvement after Stenting of Renal Artery Stenosis: Comparative Accuracy of Translesional Pressure Gradients, Intravascular Ultrasound, and Angiography. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 2009; 53(25): 2363-2371.

Mahabee-Gittens EM, Gordon JS, Krugh ME, Henry B, Leonard AC. A Smoking Cessation Intervention Plus Proactive Quitline Referral in the Pediatric Emergency Department: a Pilot Study. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 2008 Dec;10(12):1745-51.

Schauer DP, Leonard AC, Hornung RW, Johnston JA, Eckman MH. Patient-Specific Decision Modeling to Guide the Use of Drotrecogin Alfa (Activated) in Patients with Severe Sepsis. Journal of Critical Care 2008 Dec;23(4):484-92. Epub 2008 Apr 18.

Khanna D, Kaplan RM, Eckman MH, Hays RD, Leonard AC, Ginsburg SS, Tsevat J. A Randomized Study of Scleroderma Health State Values: A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words, and Quite a Few Utilities. Medical Decision Making 2009 Jan-Feb;29(1):7-14. Epub 2008 Nov 17.

Butt AA, Tsevat J, Leonard AC, Shaikh OS, McMahon D, Khan UA, Dorey-Stein Z, Re LV 3rd. Effect of Race and HIV Co-infection upon Treatment Prescription for Hepatitis C virus. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 2009;13:449-455. Epub 2008 Nov 5.

Khanna D, Ahmed M, Yontz D, Ginsburg SS, Park GS, Leonard A, Tsevat J. The Disutility of Chronic Gout. Quality of Life Research 2008 Jun;17(5):815-22. Epub 2008 May 24.

Amin R, Anthony L, Somers V, Fenchel M, McConnell K, Jefferies J, Willging P, Kalra M, Daniels S. Growth Velocity Predicts Recurrence of Sleep-disordered Breathing 1 Year after Adenotonsillectomy. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2008 Mar 15;177(6):654-9. Epub 2008 Jan 3.

Page SJ, Levine P, Leonard A, Szaflarski JP, Kissala BM. Modified Constraint-Induced Therapy in Chronic Stroke: Results of a Single-Blinded, Randomized, Controlled Trial. Physical Therapy. 2008 Mar;88(3):333-40.

Grossoehme DH, Cotton S, Leonard A. Spiritual and religious experiences of adolescent psychiatric inpatients versus healthy peers. Journal of Pastoral Care and Counseling 2007 Fall;61(3):197-204.

Thakar CV, Kharat V, Blanck S, Leonard AC. Acute Kidney Injury after Gastric Bypass Surgery. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 2007 May,2(3): 426-30. Epub 2007 Mar 4.

Warner BB, Ryan AL, Seeger K, Leonard AC, Erwin CR, Warner BW. Ontogeny of Salivary Epidermal Growth Factor and Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Journal of Pediatrics. 2007 Apr;150(4):358-63.

Page SJ, Levine P, Leonard A. Mental practice in chronic stroke: Results of a randomized, placebo controlled trial. Stroke, 2007 Apr;38(4):1293-7. Epub 2007 Mar 1.

Horner RD, Leonard AC. Factors associated with a provider’s recommendation of carotid endarterectomy: implications for understanding disparities in the use of invasive procedures. Journal of Vascular Surgery 2007 Jan;45(1):124-9.

Kudel I, Farber SL, Mrus JM, Leonard AC, Sherman SN, Tsevat J. Patterns of Responses on Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaires Among Patients with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Genernal Internal Medicine 2006 Dec;21 suppl 5:S48-55.

Mrus JM, Leonard AC, Yi MS, Sherman SN, Fultz SL, Justice AC, Tsevat J. Health-Related Quality of Life in Veterans and Nonveterans with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Genernal Internal Medicine 2006 Dec;21 suppl 5:S39-47.

Szaflarski M, Ritchey PN, Leonard AC, Mrus JM, Peterman AH, Ellison CG, McCullough ME, Tsevat J. Modeling the Effects of Spirituality/Religion on Patients’ Perceptions of Living with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Genernal Internal Medicine 2006 Dec;21 suppl 5:S28-38.

Cotton S, Tsevat J, Szaflarski M, Kudel I, Sherman SN, Feinberg J, Leonard AC, Holmes WC. Changes in Religiousness and Spirituality Attributed to HIV/AIDS: Are there Sex and Race Differences? Journal of Genernal Internal Medicine 2006 Dec;21 suppl 5:S14-20.

Cotton S, Puchalski CM, Sherman SN, Mrus JM Peterman AH, Feinberg J, Pargament KI, Justice AC, Leonard AC, Tsevat J. Spirituality and Religion in Patients with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Genernal Internal Medicine 2006 Dec;21 suppl 5:S5-13.

Mrus JM, Sherman KE, Leonard AC, Sherman SN, Mandell KL, Tsevat J. Health Values of HIV/Hepatitis C Coinfected Patients: Are Two Viruses Worse Than One? Medical Care 2006 Feb; 44(2):158-66.

Luckhaupt SE, Chin MH, Mangione CM, Phillips RS, Bell D, Leonard AC, Tsevat J. Mentorship in Academic General Intermal Medicine: Results of a Survey of Mentors. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2005 Nov;20(11):1014-8.

Page SJ, Levine P, Leonard AC. Effects of Mental Practice on Affected Limb Use and Function in Chronic Stroke. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation 2005 Mar;86(3):399-402.

Wilson SE, Leonard A, Moomaw C, Schneeweiss S, Eckman MH. Underuse of Controller Medications among Children with Persistent Asthma in the Ohio Medicaid Population: Evolving Differences with New Medications. Ambulatory Pediatrics 2005 Mar-Apr;5(2):83-9.

Page SJ, Levine P, Leonard AC. Modified Constraint-Induced Therapy in Acute Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2005 Mar;19(1):27-32.

Silbiger RN, Leonard AC, Dimsoski P, Foré S, Guttman SI, Roth AC, Gordon DA, Wessendarp T, Toth GP, Smith MK. Use of Molecular Markers to Study the Effects of Environmental Impacts on Genetic Diversity in Brown Bullhead (Ameirus nebulosus) populations. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 2001 Nov;20(11):2580-7.

Leonard AC, Franson SE, Hertzberg VS, Smith MK, Toth GP. Hypothesis testing with the similarity index. Molecular Ecology,1999 Dec;8(12):2105-14.

Silbiger RN, Christ SA, Leonard AC, et al. Preliminary Studies on the Population Genetics of the Central Stone Roller (Campostoma anomalum) from the Great Miami River Basin, Ohio. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 1998;51:481-95.

Kramer TL, Lindy JD, Green BL, Grace MC, Leonard AC. The Comorbidity of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Suicidality in Vietnam Veterans. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior 1994 Spring;24(1):58-67.

Green BL, Grace MC, Vary MG, Kramer TL, Gleser GC, Leonard AC. Children of Disaster in the Second Decade: A 17 Year Follow-up of Buffalo Creek Survivors. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 1994 Jan;33(1):71-9.

Green BL, Lindy JD, Grace MC, Leonard AC. Chronic post-traumatic stress disorder and diagnostic comorbidity in a disaster sample. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 1992 Dec;180( 12):760-6.

Green BL, Korol M, Grace MC, Vary MG, Leonard AC, Gleser GC, Smitson-Cohen S. Children and disaster: Age, gender and parental effects on PTSD symptoms. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 1991 Nov;30(6):945-51.

Green BL, Grace MC, Lindy JD, Gleser GC, Leonard AC, Kramer TL. Buffalo Creek survivors in the second decade: Comparison with unexposed and non-litigant groups. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 1990;20(13):1033-50.

Green BL, Grace MC, Lindy JD, Gleser GC, Leonard AC. Risk factors for PTSD and other diagnoses in a general sample of Vietnam veterans. American Journal of Psychiatry 1990;147( 6):729-33.

Green BL, Lindy JD, Grace MC, Gleser GC, Leonard AC, Korol M, Winget C. Buffalo Creek survivors in the second decade: Stability and change of stress symptoms. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 1990 Jan;60(1):43-54.

Green BL, Lindy JD, Grace MC, Leonard AC. Race differences in response to combat stress. Journal of Traumatic Stress 1990;3:379-93.

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